The wonders of modern machinery helped to produce the massive boon of production that gave us the modern world. These machines took what was tedious or even impossible for humans to do and made it better and faster.

One of the specific items we will be focusing on is the coil processing equipment. Whether you are new to machining or not, coil processing has a lot of details you need to know before investing in your own machine.

What does coil processing equipment do? What aspects of a machine do you need to consider before purchase? We will cover all of that and more right down below.

The Foundation of Coil Processing Equipment

If you are still learning the ropes of machining and its equipment, you may not quite know what coil processing is.

The equipment’s basic function is to smooth out and shape steel coil. Steel is wound into coil form for better storage and to make crafting thin and complex patterns easier.

You feed the coil into the machine, which pulls it apart at the right angles and time to produce a particular shape at the end. It can be simple unraveling or you can process the coils in different areas.

The machines have taken away the need to hand feed the coil, making the process safer and more efficient.

The Machines of the Process

Coil processing equipment comes in many different varieties and performs similar tasks in many different ways. Understanding all the little details helps you determine what kind of machines you need.

Below are the major different types of coil unwinders. Each has its unique approach to the process and not all work with every scenario.

Coil Cradles

Coil cradles unwinders have a focus on stability and strength, working well with large cases of high-density material. The downside is that it can be too rough for thin wire due to pinching.

The cradle takes in the wire and presses it against nest rollers to guide it alone. The entire process keeps within a framework or box that allows everything to push forward through pressure.

The coil cradle is a great way to avoid clockspring when the coil is threading.

Due to the intensity of the cradle, it finds the most use in medium to high gauge work. If your coiling process requires detail work or you also focus on recoiling work, you may have to look elsewhere.

Centering/Horizontal Reels

One of the more common of the coil processing equipment is the centering/horizontal reels. It can come with a powered motor or not and works well with handling light and medium gauge coil.

The reels work by gripping at the inside diameter of the coil, unlike the coil cradle which works with the outside diameter.

The coil is then held over the arbor where it is being held, where it is then pulled apart. This doesn’t straighten the coil itself. For that, you would need a separate machine.

The centering/horizontal reels can come in a few various fashions, from the common single-mandrel cantilevered style or the double-ended variation.

You can fit the centering/horizontal reels for heavy-gauge coils, but it will require extra safety equipment and assistance for clockspring and threading.

Pallet Decoiler/Pan Reels

The last of the major types of coil processing equipment is the pallet decoiler, often called the pan reel. These work best with narrow and light gauge coils.

The pan reels operate by placing several coils on a pallet-like stack. Then the coils are unwound via a motorized turntable.

Doing several coils at a time can save time in loading separate coils. The machine goes down the stack with ease. This, combined with a compact machine itself, makes the pan reels great for low space and low cost.

How to Choose Your Machines

No matter what type of coil processing equipment you might need, there are a few basics of the machinery that you should consider. Beyond the types, these items help determine which machine fits the applications you need it for.

These 4 major items will cover all the details. Make sure you know what each machine you consider does in regards to these 4 areas. A miscalculation could cost you.

1. Horsepower and Coil Capability

These two boils down to the idea of what the machine can handle and how well it can handle it.

Horsepower will be a major factor in how well a machine can handle a heavy amount of coiling at a time and for how long. Lower horsepower often forces a machine to work with lower gauge coiling material.

The coil capacity refers to the machine proper. The types of machines factor into this, as the way they uncoil can make them unsuited for a particular size gauge of the coil. See the 3 types of machines listed above.

2. Ability to Calibrate for Precision

There are dozens of different layers that will need precise calibration on the machine. Items pinch roll pressure, drag brakes, and roller positions are all things that may need adjusting as you work with particular coils.

If a machine has a wide range of customization regarding these details, it’s versatility may save you a lot of time and effort in working around more rigid machines.

Versatility may cost you, though, so keep that in mind.

3. Floor Space

Even the smallest of machines take up a good amount of space. Not only do you need to measure the actual size of the machine, but make sure you give it a wide berth while working to avoid accidents.

The use of floor space depends on the setup on your other machines and where your coil processing equipment will sit on your property and in your lineup.

4. Price and Operating Cost

The last major factor is one for any and all types of industrial investments.

The initial cost of the machine is the factor most people know and understand. No piece of machinery like this is cheap, so make sure you get the right balance of price and quality is good.

Operating cost is another major factor some may forget. This includes the material used in the machine, the time and parts you may need to fix it, and workers overseeing it to ensure quality and safety.

Remember that lower quality can mean mistakes, which is an increase in cost. Saving money on a lower quality machine often negates itself in the long run.

Equipment You Can Trust

Now that you have a bit more of an understanding involving coil processing equipment, you can make the right choices for whether it fits into your machining system.

For the right equipment you need, there are few you can trust more than Rygate. We have the right tools for the job and the expertise to ensure you get what you need when you need it. Contact us today for more information.